What Causes the Pins and Needles Feeling?
Pins and needles are those funny feelings which I think we can all relate to having had at one time or another. You wake up and your hand has gone numb. You get a warm prickly feeling in your fingers as the feeling in the fingers slowly comes back alive.
This funny feeling can either be funny or it may make you feel concerned about what is happening to you. In the following article I am going to look into what are the symptom of pins and needles, reasons for getting pins and needles in your arms, hands, legs or feet and lastly how to get rid of pins and needles feeling.
Table of Contents
Got That Pins and Needles Feeling?
First thing to know is that pins and needles are only a symptom of a nerve being pinched. The warm tingle feeling you are experiencing is not a disease or condition in itself, but the symptom of one.
By the way the medical term for pins and needles is paraesthesia.
Here is a list of some common ways people explain having a paraesthesia. Sometimes other symptoms of a compressed nerve can accompany the pins and needles feeling.
This could include these symptoms:
- Hot/Cold sensation,
- Sharp pain,
- Skin colour changes.
The above are all just some of the ways people experience pins and needles. It is more important to know what actually is the source of the prickly feeling in the first place, so what causing it.
The Common Causes
As I mentioned above, finding out what is causing the pins and needles feeling in the first place is the most important. To understand what to do to get rid of the abnormal sensation occurring either in your arms, hands, legs or feet you need to know what is wrong with you.
Paraesthesia occurs when the nerve supplying an area of the body is not able to transmit normal signals back to the brain.
You can then end up with this weird, strange funny sensation.
This feeling can happen in your arm, hand, fingers, leg, thigh, calf, foot or toes, even your face. Really, anywhere there is a nerve supplying skin you can get pins and needles. So that is nearly every where in your body.
You could be asking “Why might the nerve not be able to send a healthy signal back to the brain?” The reason could be a problem with either the nerve itself or the blood vessel supplying the nerve.
#1. Problem with the Nerve
Nerves need a good blood supply to stay healthy. This is why big major nerves usually run with a big blood vessel.
Our nerves also have a coating over them, acting like a protective blanket, called a myelin sheath.
Myelin is the stuff on nerves that is attacked when people suffer neurological conditions like multiple sclerosis and Guillain-Barré Syndrome. These neurological conditions are the more serious causes for concern that can cause paraesthesia.
Thankfully most pins and needles sensations are temporary. They tend to occur when we put some temporary pressure on a nerve.
Think of your hand going dead or your foot going to sleep when you have been in one position for a long time. This could be, for example, sitting at a desk chair or sleeping in a bed. You might experience a weird feeling when you do try to move your arm or try stand on your leg. the arm or the leg might not feel like it is apart of you any more.
Other common nerve conditions that cause pins and needles can come from peripheral nerve entrapment. This would be the case of a pinched nerve or trapped nerve otherwise known as a radiculopathy. A nerve can be pinched in your back causing problems in the arm or leg. Nerves trapped in a wrist might cause carpal tunnel syndrome or in the ankle tarsal tunnel syndrome.
#2. Problem with the Blood Vessels
As I mentioned earlier there are blood vessels with nerves. In some cases conditions affecting the blood circulation of the artery or vein can be the cause of the pins and needles.
Some diseases that do this are:
Don’t worry! Remember other symptoms will go with the conditions mentioned above. A doctor will be able to help you find out why you are getting the abnormal skin sensation.
How to Treat Your Pins & Needles
How to treat pins and needles depends on the cause again. Most of the time it is just time that is needed. Give it a few minutes and it will pass.
If the pins and needles feeling last longer or you get other worrying signs like weakness, pain, lose of function like speech, movement, sight etc… then wait and see is not what is needed for treatment. See a local doctor ASAP or call a paramedic if you are worried.
The Bottom Line
Most of the time getting pins and needles could just be cause your scared from watching a horror movie or you just temporarily pinched a nerve. Normal feeling will come back soon. However there are times that funny feeling could be the sign of something more serious.
So if your concerned about a serious cause call the NHS direct on 0845 4647, see your local A&E doctor or GP for further investigations.Image Credit: Some rights reserved by nathanmac87